John T. Bruer is an Adjunct Professor of Philosophy at Washington University and President of the James S McDonnell Foundation in St. Louis, Missouri. Dr. Bruer is a member of the National Science Board and also serves on numerous advisory panels nationally and internationally (National Educational Research Policy and Priorities Board, USA). He received a Ph.D. in Philosophy from Rockefeller University. His research interests include cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology, education, and history and philosophy of science. His work in neuroscience has greatly contributed to improving the education system of developing countries. Since joining the McDonnell Foundation in 1986, the foundation has initiated new programs in cognitive neuroscience, applications of cognitive science to education and rehabilitation, analysis of complex systems, and cancer biology.